Treatment of Chin Joint Diseases

What is teeth grinding or teeth clenching?

Teeth grinding is a disease that is observed while sleeping and who causes series problems if measures are not taken . (gingival recession, joint problems etc). Teeth clenching occurs when teeth are moved against each other with the stress being released during the sleep in the night time as occurring unconsciously.

What are the problems created by teeth grinding or teeth clenching?

Abrasion of teeth, fractures on teeth, gingival recession, cold-warmth sensitivity, joint diseases due to extreme load on chin joints, disturbance of others due to sounds coming out.

What is tooth grinding or tooth clenching treatment?

It is recommended for soft or hard plates to be used, which are prepared as measurement of teeth are taken. It is required for these plates to be renewed at certain intervals. It is also helpful for people to reduce their daily life stress for the success of treatment.

Do I clench my teeth only at night time?

Contrary to belief, tooth clenching takes place in day time as well. People can overcome this by improving their consciousness.

What is chin joint disease?

They are diseases occuring on bone and soft tissues on chin joint connecting the upper chin with lower chin. With this disease, simple symptoms like sounds could be observed, while severe symptoms like jaw locking are also observed. It can happen due to various reasons. (accident, wrong treatments, stress, habits etc). Chin joint disorder continues by getting elevated in tim. Therefore, the sooner the treatment is started, the higher thesuccess treatment will be.

What are the problems caused by chin joint disorder?

Sounds coming out while eating, Locking or being attached, Pain, Limitations in mouth opening,

What are the symtoms of chin joint disorders?

Chin joint disorder does not happen overnight. Symptoms occur slowly in time and if treatment is delayed these symptoms get more severe. (Locking of chin, chin coming out, not being able to open the mouth etc) Click sound as you open the chin Attachment of chin while yawning Difficulty in opening chin in the mornings Pain in the ear region while eating Neck and back pains (especially in women) are among common symptoms.

What are the reasons for chin joint disorders?

We can divide them into three main groups:

1) As relating with dental treatments:
Keeping mouth open for long time like the case when wisdom teeth are extracted,
After orthodontic treatment,
Incorrect veneers and fillings.

2) Habits of people:
Eating lips,
Sleeping as face down,
Placing the hand next to chin,
Chewing gum for a long time,
Being subject to wind for a long time, (Especially for those using motors)
Not sitting straight.

3) Person’s being under stress:
It causes more chin joint complaints than other factors. As a person under heavy stress contracts his face muscles continuously load which is more than normal is placed on chin joint.

If you don’t treat my chin joint disorder, will my chin move from its place?

In the advanced stages of chin joint disorder, permanent deformations occur on tissues and structures on joint region and during when chin is opened and closed, joint head can come out to the front causing the chin to move from its normal placement. The main problem here is not dislocation of chin. Because by applying simple movements on joint, chin can get back to its normal place but main problem is that this situation occurs frequently and that it causes severe pain.

I have chin joint complaint, what should I pay attention to?

Getting nourished with soft food for three weeks To avoid extreme stretching movements Not to lay as face down To avoid habits like eating lips To apply compress to joint region with warm towel in the mornings To keep away from stress as much as possible

What is the impact of stress on chin joint disorder?

Muscles on facial region can get contracted with smallest reaction. One of the influences of stress on people is muscle contraction for long period. Therefore, under stressful situations muscles get contracted and teeth get contacted with each other as applying dense power on each other and thus a heavy load is placed on joints.

What particulars I should pay attention to as relating with chin joint treatment?

It is required for you to use joint splint as recommended by your doctor and to comply with the recommendations made by your doctor.

For how long will I use joint splint?

Chin joint treatment takes nearly 3 months. But depending on the intensity of disease this period could increase.

How should I keep the joint splint?

Joint splint is kept in prosthesis box with a moisturized clean cloth.

How is joint splint cleaned?

In the mornings after taking the splint out, you can wash it under running water and brush it with an old toothbrush by using a liquid soap.

In chin joint treatment in what internals should I come for controls?

After splint is placed, in the first week, third week and third month you should come to have your controls.

How do I understand that I recovered while I have chin joint treatment?

In chin joint treatment, depending on severity of disease a complete recovery may not always be achieved. Here the main recovery criteria is being able to realize daily chin movements without feeling pain. (like eating, talking, swallowing etc).

Are there any physical treatment movements I should make besides having joint splint?

In certain cases in order to strengthen the muscles or to ease chin restriction, your doctor can recommend physical treatment exercises.

How will I understand that I have chin joint disorder?

There can be many symptoms for chin joint disorder. These can vary from a click sound to lockin of chin or feeling pain. When you feel a difference on your chin apply to your doctor. Because stage of disease is important in treatment.

Doctor who wrote the article: Dr. Tuğrul Saygı