Removable Partial Dentures
What are partial dentures (removable dentures)?
They are removable prostheses when fixed prostheses cannot be applied. The prosthesis holds to the tooth at the front of the edentulous area with a hook.
How many days does it take for removable dentures to be produced and how many times should I come?
Stages of partial dentures are the same as complete dentures. Partial dental dentures are prepared in nearly 5 sessions as including impressions and trials. For 5 sessions, on average 2 weeks is sufficient.
Is it easy to use removable (partial) dentures?
Partial dentures get support from teeth with the help of a hook. Though they are very tight at the beginning when they are placed and taken out, in time they can be easily placed and taken. The comfort and chewing effectiveness of fixed prosthesis cannot be expected with partial dentures.
Can I get used to using partial dentures?
This type of dentures have metal parts that pass under the tongue in lower jaw and from palate in the upper jaw. Existence of these parts in the prosthesis makes it difficult to adapt at the beginning but after a certain time, most of the patients used these dentures just like their own teeth.
How will I clean my removable partial dentures?
Cleaning of partial dentures is the same as complete dentures.
Can I eat food comfortably with this type of dental dentures?
Since partial dentures are made of soft Tissue and as they are created by getting support from the existing teeth, no problems are seen. Cutting, biting and grinding functions can be easily made.
Will my dental prosthesis move when I eat?
Hooks of the partial dentures prevents them getting out of their places. Therefore, they don’t move while eating. In time, the hooks can become loose. In this case, by tightening the hooks, it can be avoided for the prosthesis to move.
Will I be aesthetically content?
At the parts where partial dentures get support from the teeth, there are hooks. As the hooks have metal color, when they are placed on the front teeth, it might be difficult to achieve an aesthetic look.
What should I pay attention to when I use them?
In addition to the particulars that need to be paid attention to with complete dentures, when placing or removing them, attention should be paid not to damage the hooks. Placing and removing should be realized slowly and carefully. After ensuring that dental prosthesis is well placed, jaw should be closed and placed. Or else, hooks would be bended and broken.
Is it possible to repair dentures when they are broken or when teeth fall down?
Just like the case with complete dentures, basic part and teeth can be easily repaired in partial dentures. When hooks are broken, by taking oral impressions, they can be repaired.
How long does the repair process take?
Similar to the case with complete dentures, although it depends on the shape and dimension of fracture in partial dentures, generally it is possible to repair them in 1-2 days.
Is it possible to use these dentures with diabetic patients?
Just like the case with complete dentures,partial dentures can also be made to almost all patients and they can be easily applied to patients with diabetics. After the application, it can take a lot of time for the bents and wounds in the mouth to recover. Besides there can be the problem of mouth dryness and it can be required to use special gels and artificial saliva.
Is it possible to use them in patients with osteroporosis?
In partial dentures, the mass of bone tissue is very important. As it is a prosthesis made by getting support from existing teeth, solidness and dimensions of teeth are important.
Is it possible to use them in allergic patients?
First of all allergy test should be taken and the particulars that cause allergy should be determined. In partial dentures, metal and acrylic material are used. If there is metal allergy, by determining te type of metal causing allergies and using a different metal, prosthesis application can be realized. But if there is allergy for acrylic, it is not possible to use partial prosthesis. In this case, dental prosthesis with implant support is used.
What is the lifetime of partial removable dentures?
Partial dentures can last for many years when they are taken care of well and hygiene is provided. If there is thinning or osteoporosis, there can be loosening or moving observed with the dentures through the years. Besides, loosening and breaking can occur with the hooks depending on the usage. Furthermore, it can be possible that the tooth providing support are lost. In this case, the lost tooth will be added to the current denture.
The denture which I am using for years started to loosen and move. What can be done?
Regarding loosening and movements that occur due to thinning and osteoporosis, by feeding the prosthesis, harmonization can be achieved again. If there are too many changes in the lower and upper jaw, it is required to make the denture again.If there is loosening or breaking in the hooks, they can be tightened or repaired.
Is it possible for the hooks of partial prosthesis to be made in the color of tooth or gingiva to be more aesthetical?
Yes, it is possible. Hooks of partial prosthesis can have the color of tooth as being white or the color of gingiva as being pink. But as their risk of breaking is higher, they may not be applied in each case and they need to be used carefully.
Is there an alternative of partial removable dentures without any hooks?
The alternative of partial dentures without hooks is Precision Attachment Partial Dentures. The part where the denture gets support from teeth is inside the prosthesis and is not visible from outside.
While a partial denture is being prepared, is there any procedures applied to existing teeth?
Partial removable dentures can be directly applied without making any additioional procedures on the teeth, by taking impressions from the jaw.
Doctor who wrote the article: Dr. Şirin Tuzcu